PUNCH AND JUDY PUPPETS

by Peggy Tearle


Dryad Press, taken over by Specialist Crafts Ltd. (formerly Dryad Education), no longer publish this leaflet. They have kindly agreed to its publication here. They offer an internet source for a great number of craft products and their catalogue site can be viewed at http://www.homecrafts.co.uk from where you can order their magnificent catalogue of over 12,000 Art, Craft, Modelling, Textiles and Design products which are available by mail order.
These glove puppets are extremely simple to make and require no special apparatus-sewing materials, felt and buckram being all the equipment necessary. Velour, however, makes good firm cylinders, and should an old hat be available it can be used instead of felt. Adhesive tape is useful for strengthening joins.

How to make the Puppets


All measurements are given in yards, feet and inches. The conversion factors are as follows:
yards:metres 0.9144
feet:metres 0.3048
inches:millimetres 25.4
As a rough guide, one inch being nearly two and a half centimetres, and a yard about 7.5 cm less than a metre.
The symbol " in the measurements indicates inches.


To make a puppet 14" high draw the pattern on one-inch squared paper, following the scale diagram. The feature diagrams are actual size and should be traced. Paste the patterns on to thin cardboard and cut out.

First make the wrist and neck cylinders, lining each with, buckram (cut to dotted line on pattern). Roll them up with the buckram inside as shown in the diagram below, and stitch, making them fit the first and second fingers and the thumb. Cover the top of each with a strip of adhesive tape.

Perforate the head gusset at F and snip as shown on the pattern, (see page 6). Keeping a firm tension on the thread, oversew the two head sides together from A-B and from A-C. Join the gusset to the sides from C-B via D and E, matching guide letters and leaving D-E on one side open for stuffing. Turn.

Wedge the neck cylinder with a roll of felt to keep it in shape while the head is stuffed and run it through F, bringing the head about half-way down the cylinder and fitting the four flaps round the outside. Stitch the flaps to the cylinder and strengthen the join with a band of adhesive tape. Stuff the head very firmly, paying special attention to the nose and chin and sewing up D-E as you go. The modelling of the face is important and will entail some work with a strong needle used through the felt from the outside. In this way the flock can be coaxed into shape and any surface lumps dispersed.

Make the ears, oversewing two pieces together for each, stitch the eye to the backing with a small steel bead in the centre, then pin the eyes, eyebrows, mouth, ears and patches into position with small pins driven in like tacks. Refer to the diagrams and make necessary adjustments before fixing the features, which can be either stitched or stuck with rubber solution. Wind a long strip of flesh- coloured felt round the neck cylinder and stitch at the back. Stitch neck to head and remove the wedge.

Oversew the two pieces of each hand together, stuff lightly to the dotted line on the pattern and make fingers with three lines of backstitching taken right through the hand. Run the tops of the cylinders into the wrists and stitch the two together.

Decoration should be stitched to the glove before front and back are joined. The two pieces should then be over- sewn on the wrong side and turned, the hands slipped into the sleeves (thumb cylinder into lower sleeve) and stitched. For a right-handed puppet the thumb sleeve should hold the puppet's left hand.

After making hat, hair, etc. for the puppet, fit the neck into the glove and stitch, finally adding ribbon or collar: frills should be slipped on to the neck before the glove.

To make a larger puppet draw the pattern on "I^" squared paper and enlarge the features by tracing just outside the lines, t yd. of felt will be needed for the glove and two 9" squares for the head and hands.

In addition to the materials listed the following will be required for each puppet. Buckram and felt or velour for cylinders, half inch adhesive tape, cotton flock for stuffing the heads.

PUNCH


A quarter yard of scarlet felt for glove, cap, mouth and patches. One 9" square of flesh felt for head and hands.
Small pieces of myrtle green and white felt for frill and cuffs.
Scraps of dark brown and golden yellow felt for features and decoration.
Two yards of yellow tape half an inch wide. One small bell.
Garden cane, wooden skewer or twig for stick.

Cut out the various pattern pieces, make the cylinders' hands and head as described on pages 2 and 3 and add a few brown stitches to mark the corners of the eyes.

Oversew the two sides of the hat together and the longer seam of the yellow tip. Turn both. Stitch the second seam of the tip, sew the bell to the point, pull it over the end of the hat and attach. Turn up an inch for the brim and decorate the hat with narrow felt stripes as shown in the plate on page 15-two yellow ones for the crown, and green, yellow and white for the brim. Stuff the hat lightly and sew to the head.


Make a gusset for the hump from a half inch strip of felt 8.25" long: fold over to mark H-H 5.5" from the end (I - I), and oversew to sides, working from H to G and H to I. Turn hump right side out, stitch yellow tape over gusset, and stuff. Stitch three yellow tape stripes to each glove-piece as shown, seam glove and turn right side out; attach hump 2" from top back of glove, matching gusset with central stripe. Decorate the white frill and cuffs with yellow spots and stitch each to its green backing.
Having joined the hands to the glove, seam the cuffs and attach. Slip the frill and glove on to the neck, and stitch. Cut and trim the stick, smooth the ends with a file, and sew into the right hand.

JUDY


3 yard forest green felt for glove.
One 9" square of flesh felt for head and hands.
Scraps of blue, white and brown felt for features and hair.
Scraps of ultramarine, pink, crimson and yellow felt for spots on glove.
Scraps of scarlet felt for mouth and patches.
One 9" square of white felt for cap and cuffs. 1.25 yards of yellow tape for ribbons.

Having made the head, hands and cylinders, make the cap from a circle of felt 7" in diameter; gather the cap 1" from the edge, try it on and pin the hair into position. Next sew on the hair then stitch the cap to the head, finishing with a yellow ribbon tied in a bow at the front. For a large puppet the cap should be 8" in diameter.

Decorate the glove with felt spots as shown in the cover plate make cuffs from 3" strips of white felt gathered at the wrists and tie a yellow ribbon round the neck with a bow in front.

BABY


3 yard white felt for glove and bonnet.
One 9" square of flesh felt for head and hands. 3" ribbon or strips of dawn pink felt and scraps for decoration.
A scrap of scarlet felt for mouth. Scraps of blue and white felt for eyes.
Yellow wool for hair and eyebrows.

First make the hands and head, using flesh felt for nose and chin patches and red stitches (see diagram, left) or rouge to colour the cheeks. Make the eyebrows of two wool stitches couched into shape. Sew a pink ribbon or a strip of felt round the glove about 23" from the top to make a yoke, tie the ends in a bow and attach two round felt buttons to the centre. Cut a strip of felt 2.75"x7.25" for the front of the bonnet, gather one side and sew to the curved part of the bonnet-back. Turn back 3" at the front and sew a bunch of ribbon loops to each side, leaving long ends to tie under the chin.

With loops of wool make a tuft of hair for the forehead and a few curls for the back of the neck, then attach the bonnet. Gather 3" strips of white felt to make neck and wrist frills and cover the join at the wrists with a strip of pink felt.

POLICEMAN


3 yard of navy blue felt for glove and helmet.
8" x4" of flesh felt for head. Scraps of blue felt for eyes.
6" x4" of white felt for hands and eye-backings.
Scraps of brown felt for brows, moustache and hair.
Scraps of scarlet felt for patches, collar and cuffs.
Small brass studs or paper fasteners for buttons and badge on helmet. Buckram for helmet brim.

Make the hands and head and proceed with the helmet as follows:

Oversew the four crown pieces together, alternating front and back with sides, then make the brim by sandwiching the buckram between the two pieces of felt and over- sewing the outer edges. Join the seam, snip the inner edges to a depth of 3", and turn up. Now fit crown over brim, matching centre back (A) with the brim seam, and stitch the two together. Make the badge from three brass studs arranged in a triangle, fix another stud to the top of the crown, and make the hatband from a narrow strip of felt.

The lower piece of hair runs from ear to ear and the upper piece is notched to fit over the ears. Stitch the hair into position, fill the helmet with stuffing and sew to the head. Fix a row of studs down the centre front of the glove and make cuffs and neckband from 3" strips of scarlet felt.

SAMBO


3 yard golden yellow felt for glove.
One 9" square of dark brown felt for head, hands, patches and eyes.
Small pieces of white felt for shirt front, collar, cuffs, bow and eye-backings.
Small pieces of orange felt for waistcoat, cuffs and large buttons,
Two strips of purple felt 12" x 0.25". Scraps of purple felt for decorations.
A piece of pale pink silk or stockinette (about 30" x5") for turban.
Scarlet and black felt for mouth and eyebrows.
Two small curtain rings for ear-rings.

Make the hands and head, then wind the turban twice round the head, twisting it at the front. Make sure the entire head is covered, conceal the ends under the folds and stitch. Decorate with a short strip of purple felt fringed and rolled as shown in the photograph on page 12 and sew on the ear-rings.

Sew the shirt front to the top centre and the waistcoat below, leaving a space of one inch between the two; now stitch four purple felt buttons to the waistcoat. Edge shirt and waistcoat with the two strips of purple felt, taking each from shoulder to hem of the glove, and finish with two large orange buttons.

Make white neckband and cuffs as for the policeman then sew a narrow strip of felt across the centre of the bow and attach. Finally make loose inch-wide orange cuffs decorated with purple spots and join to the upper seam of the glove leaving a strip of white showing at the wrists.

TOBY


0.25 yard white felt for glove, head, ears and frill.
9" x4" black felt for features, patches, pads and spots on frill.
4" x4" scarlet felt for frill backing.
Scraps of dark brown felt for eyes.
Black Star Sylko for mouth, markings and toes.

Cut out the pattern pieces, cutting the paws in one with the glove, as shown in diagram below. Sew the two head sides together from C to B, join gusset to sides matching C's and A's with care, and proceed with head as described on pages 2 and 3.
Join linings to ears, taking care not to make two ears for the same side and leaving the short seam G-H open. Run a gathering thread through both lining and ear from G to H, draw up and sew to G-H on head, then catch down the fold from I to J. Sew the eyes on to a black backing cut slightly larger than the white one (see diagram on page 14), and attach the brows immediately above; seam nose from K to A each side, turn, and insert a knob of stuffing before stitching to head.

For the mouth, couch a double strand of Star Sylko exactly over the seam for 1|" each side of B and finish with a stitch from B to C; with a single strand, mark lines under eyes and speckle the muzzle with dots.

Make the neck fairly thick and enlarge neck of glove and frills accordingly. (Use Punch's frill pattern.) Sew pads to paws, seam glove and turn right side out; stuff tips of paws and sew in cylinders, taking stitches through seams and underneath large pad, then mark toes with three stitches on the back of each paw. Finish by sewing on patches. As the paws are cut in one with the glove, the cylinders could be omitted if desired.